Sunday, November 13, 2016

Seeking the Most Inaccessible Places on Earth


IRISH ADVENTURER SEEKS POLES OF INACCESSIBILITY

Study maps long enough and you're bound to identify a challenge not yet met. Such was the case of the late businessman Dick Bass in 1985 who targeted climbs to the tallest peaks on each continent, the so-called Seven Summits.

Now 46-year old Mike O'Shea, an Irish adventurer and public speaker from Dingle, is set to reach the Poles of Inaccessibility on each landmass on the planet.


Mike O'Shea is going to be rather inaccessible this fall.

A pole of inaccessibility (POI) is a geographical point that represents the most remote place to reach in a given area, often based on distance from the nearest coastline. A geographic concept, the location of a pole of inaccessibility is not necessarily an actual physical feature. Canadian explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson (1879-1962) was the first to introduce this concept in 1920 to differentiate between the location of the North Pole and the most remote and difficult location to reach in the Arctic.

These locations include some of the most remote and difficult places to reach in the world and although several of them are located near human settlements, reportedly, no one has ever reached all six Poles of Inaccessibility ­- perhaps until now when O'Shea will travel across each full continent via the POI's (coast to pole to coast), beginning this December in North America.

O'Shea will depart for New York in mid-November. To reach each POI, he will proceed by Jeep, on foot, on horseback, motorbike, and in the case of Antarctica, by ski and kite. First stop is the hilly wilderness between the towns of Allen and Kyle in southwestern South Dakota where the North American POI is located. He will then arrive in Los Angeles by the 25th, having traveled 3,380 miles coast-to-coast.

The South American POI, in Brazil, surrounded by lush vegetation, canyons, and waterfalls is next on the schedule.


As part of The Ice Project, O' Shea has crossed Lake Baikal in Northern Russia, Chile's North Patagonian Icecap, the Southern Icecap on Kilimanjaro and a full Greenland crossing. The summer of 2013 also saw Mike guide seven Irish groups up Kilimanjaro. While in Africa Mike also successfully managed to raise funds for and build an orphanage for local children whose parents died of HIV.

His mountaineering experience has allowed him to work on numerous projects such as Red Bull Cliff Diving and Crashed Ice events and international films such as Star Wars. His impressive resume includes 30 years rope access experience, in the Alps, Himalayas, Africa, New Zealand and Iran Jaya; 10 years mountain rescue; 15 years Coast Guard rescue; occupational first aid; and search rescue management.

The €350,000 (approx. $387,000) project is currently self-funded, although sponsors are being sought; their support will help speed-up his estimated 18 to 24-month timeframe.

Learn more about O'Shea's background at www.mikeoshea.ie

The POI project website is: www.thepolesproject.com

To see the list of POI's, view:

http://apl.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=ce19bec7a3c541d0b95c449df9bb8eb5

EXPEDITION UPDATE

UNESCO Blocks Effort to Study Columbus' Santa Maria Wreck Site


Evidence continues of possible looting of the Santa Maria shipwreck off Haiti, according to marine archaeologist Barry Clifford who made worldwide news in May 2014 when he presented evidence that the iconic Columbus flagship had been located (see EN, June 2014).

"We have overwhelming evidence regarding the Santa Maria, but UNESCO refuses to review any of our research, or to speak with Professor Charles D. Beeker, Ph.D., or myself," he tells EN. Beeker is the director of Underwater Science at Indiana University Bloomington, and a renowned Columbus scholar.

"Efforts continue to preserve what's left of our important discovery off Cap-Haitian. Professor Beeker, one of the leading lombard (cannon) experts at the Mary Rose Trust, positively identified the round object (we saw) as a section of a lombard - the same artillery pieces Columbus mentions in his Dario."

Clifford, from Provincetown, Mass., continues, "As we have the exact Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) coordinates of our discovery, someday, someone will positively identify the wreck site. Unfortunately, the site is being pulled to pieces by local salvors after UNESCO dismissed our project ... and soon, there will be nothing left of the vessel."

Clifford offers as proof of looting, a video taken by Professor Beeker of a discarded 15th century wrought iron artillery piece suspected to be the Columbus lombard discovered outside the Haitian dive shop and hotel from where UNESCO conducted their investigation of Clifford's discovery.

"The artillery piece was originally observed and noted in-situ by Edwin Link on an expedition to locate the remains of the Santa Maria in 1960, and then again by myself and my associates on an expedition endorsed and made possible by the late Sen. Edward Kennedy."


Lombard discovered and photographed in-situ off Cap-Haitian. (Photo courtesy Brandon Clifford).

Clifford adds, "The lombard is the eighth such 'cannon' discovered in the Western Hemisphere and presumed to be from one of only 20 shipwrecks of this period in the entire world. The lombard was discovered 1.5 nautical miles offshore, the exact distance Columbus stated the Santa Maria wrecked from the fort he built, in part, with the remains of that vessel .... approximately 300 to 400 feet from the 'Columbus anchor' which Edwin Link discovered and donated to the Smithsonian.

"Yet, UNESCO ignored the presence of the looted lombard, which had obviously been illegally taken from our protected wreck site, and broken to pieces along with many other ancient artifacts. They also refused to speak with me or Professor Beeker in the face of our valid permit and my having been appointed by the Prime Minister of Haiti to a Special Commission to protect the Santa Maria," Clifford says.

"UNESCO also refused to review any of our many years of remote sensing survey records, underwater videos and photography."

Beeker dismisses the UNESCO study as inconclusive, and says it didn't analyze the wreck's wood, ballast or datable ceramics. According to Beeker, politics were behind the decision to reject his proposal. He claims UNESCO wouldn't let him back on the wreck if he was working with Clifford. UNESCO denies the decision was political, according to a story in New Scientist (June 11, 2016), by Michael Bawaya.

See a profile of Beeker's work here:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23030770-400-shipwreck-archaeologist-versus-treasure-hunters-of-the-caribbean/ (subscription required)

Heard Island Expedition Studies Lagoon,
Communicates with 75K Hams Worldwide


The 2016 Cordell Expedition to Heard Island was the first scientific expedition to this extreme and extremely remote island in the Territory of Australia, in the Southern Ocean, in almost 15 years (see EN, June 2015). The two-month, half-million-dollar project took nearly four years to plan and prepare.

The actual voyage started in March 2016, in Cape Town, South Africa. After a 12-day sail, the expedition reached Heard Island at 53°S 73°E. The onsite team of 14 spent three weeks on the island, documenting significant changes in the two-mile-high volcano, glaciers, lagoons, and wildlife that have occurred over the past decade, and exploring areas not previously visited by anyone.


The Heard Island base camp with its sea of amateur radio antennas.

They were the first to enter and document a two-mile-wide lagoon created in the past ten years by the melting of a major glacier, and collected samples of rocks, sediment, and water. They also carried out an amateur radio operation that logged 75,000 contacts worldwide, and included a number of innovations in radio technology. The return voyage ended in late April in Fremantle, Western Australia.

In addition to the onsite scientific work, the project implemented a large number of infotech innovations, including a live online help desk, the first remote radio operation, the real-time web radio log display, and live Skype interviews with journalists and schools.

It was led by Dr. Robert Schmieder who has been organizing and leading scientific expeditions for 35 years. He is the founder of the nonprofit oceanic research organization Cordell Expeditions, which has to its credit more than 1,000 discoveries, including new species, range and depth extensions, and first observations.

Through the website, blog, Facebook, Twitter, newsletter, and numerous interviews and presentations, this expedition significantly raised the standard for outreach and interactivity for remote scientific projects, according to Schmieder.

For more information: www.heardisland.org

EXPEDITION NOTES

Good Luck Avoiding the Internet Out There


Swedish outdoor brand Haglöfs now offers trekkers on the northern Swedish trail Kungsleden, in the middle of the Swedish wilderness, free Wi-Fi. But there's a catch - it only works when it rains.


Now you can watch cat videos, even in the wilds of Sweden.

The weather in Northern Sweden can get pretty rough, and Haglöfs has helped people endure the weather since 1914. But today people seem to believe that being online is just as important as staying dry when the rain is pouring down. According to a 2014 survey, a good Wi-Fi connection is one on the things people value the most when we are traveling.

A Wi-Fi placed along the trail Kungsleden in northern Sweden gives trekkers the opportunity to go online in places where there normally is no connectivity at all.

Starting last month, anyone planning on heading out for Kungsleden can check out www.haglofsweather.fi to get the latest forecast for the region and to see whether the weather-fi will be up and running.

The free Wi-Fi connection is driven by solar panels, and is linked to a local weather station acting as an on/off switch. The worse the downpour, the better the signal.

Thanks Haglofs. Cue the eye roll. Obviously, there's no exit off the Information Highway.

Read the official announcement here:

http://www.mynewsdesk.com/haglofs/pressreleases/when-it-rains-it-streams-1591232

Watch the video here:

http://www.haglofs.com/se/sv


"Blurring Effect" Can Be Deadly During Himalayan Expeditions

Five decades of Himalayan treks show how collectivism operates in diverse groups.
By studying climbers summiting Mount Everest, Professor Jennifer Chatman of UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business, learned when collectivism works, and when it can be deadly.

Cooperation is valued as a key attribute of successful groups, encouraging cohesion among diverse members. But Chatman discovered that there can be a high cost when it comes to decision-making and performance because the tentative ties among diverse group members cause them to overemphasize their shared group identity and overlook the individual differences in skills and experience that can help the group succeed.

She calls this a "blurring effect," which is detailed in her new study, "Blurred Lines: How Collectivism Mutes the Disruptive and Elaborating Effects of Demographic Diversity on Group Performance in Himalayan Mountain Climbing."

"By simply asking people in a diverse group to focus on commonalities within the group, they appear to be unable to also focus on the attributes that differentiate group members from one another. It is like asking people to focus on the forest, which seems to preclude them from also focusing on the trees," says Chatman.

To study how collectivism fails, the researchers tapped the Himalayan Database, a compilation of all expeditions in the Nepalese Himalaya since 1950. Journalist Elizabeth Hawley began compiling this database in 1960, when she moved from the U.S. to Kathmandu, Nepal, and interviewed thousands of climbers who are required to register their expeditions with the Nepalese government.

Read the study here:

http://newsroom.haas.berkeley.edu/research-news/how-himalayan-mountain-climbers-teach-us-work-better-together

High Altitude Remembrance

No matter what your opinion about crowding on Mount Everest, or its commercialization, the mountain still stands as a metaphor for high achievement. When members of the VOICES of September 11 organization, based in New Canaan, Conn., learned that its Flag of Honor was anonymously displayed at Everest base camp last month, the image was proudly shared with thousands via social media.


Everest base camp remembers 9/11 (Photo courtesy Michael W. Halstead, Yachtstore.com)

The photo was taken on Oct. 24 by Michael W. Halstead of Sun Valley, Idaho, and Vero Beach, Fla., during his guided trek to the 17,600-ft. base camp. The flag displays the names of the 2,977 lives lost on that tragic day. VOICES of Sept. 11 was founded by Mary Fetchet in 2001, a mother who lost her 24-year old son Brad on 9/11.

Now 15 years later, VOICES offers help to any community that suffers from an act of terrorism, mass violence or natural disasters. Its VOICES Center of Excellence for Community Resilience helps communities heal after tragedy.

Learn more at: www.voicesofsept11.org

QUOTE OF THE MONTH

"Doesn't everything die at last, and too soon?
Tell me, what is it you plan to do
with your one wild and precious life?"


- From The Summer Day by American poet Mary Oliver (1935-)

Read the entire poem here:

https://www.loc.gov/poetry/180/133.html

EXPEDITION FOCUS

When You Need a Plumber


By Michael J. Manyak, MD, MED 92
Reprinted by permission from The Explorers Journal

One frequently worries about the local plumbing while in the field, but what if the plumbing of concern is yours? Urinary difficulties range from mildly irritating to exquisitely painful and potentially life-threatening processes. Some remain innocuous, others worsen, and some strike acutely with no warning. Urinary tract problems can occur in the kidney, ureter (tube between the kidney and bladder), bladder, urethra (tube from the bladder to the outside), and in the male genitalia.

Blood in the urine (hematuria) is one of the most common complaints and is disturbing but rarely life-threatening unless massive or if significant trauma has occurred in which case more than one organ system is usually involved. Many conditions can cause hematuria and a little bit of blood looks like a lot. Microscopic hematuria is not something you will notice but may be detected on urinalysis.

In either case of visible or microscopic hematuria, an evaluation by a urologist for the cause is important, though not an emergency. Hematuria can be a harbinger of serious problems like tumors of the urinary tract. Painless hematuria needs to be evaluated in a timely fashion but is rarely a cause for evacuation. Hematuria with pain can be caused by common conditions like urinary calculi (stones) and bladder infections.


Some medications can cause urine to look like it has blood in it. Certain strains of malaria and disorders like sickle cell may also have discolored urine suggestive of blood.

Passage of urinary calculi (stones) is a common, very painful urinary condition. Stone formation occurs with dehydration and in areas where there is a higher mineral concentration in the water. There are stone "belts" in various parts of the world with a high incidence of urinary stones due to increased water mineral content. You should remain well hydrated especially in dry or very hot climates and if you spend a long time in a location, find out whether urinary stones are common.

Stones often cause excruciating flank pain that may radiate to the lower abdomen or groin, waxes and wanes, and often causes nausea and vomiting. Small stones may pass but larger ones can cause complete obstruction.

Passage of a stone provides nearly immediate relief of pain. Obstruction is a medical emergency because the trapped urine can damage the kidney or lead to an infection which is potentially life-threatening. Any fever other than low grade with a suspected urinary stone is an emergency because of the potential for overwhelming infection. Therefore, victims may need to be evacuated for fever or pain control.

The development of acute urinary retention, the inability to pass urine, is a urinary tract emergency. It is accompanied by severe lower abdominal discomfort and distention. This is most often seen in males and commonly related to urethral scar tissue in younger males and prostatic obstruction in older males. This medical emergency is often preceded by difficulty with urination and any man with such issues should consult with a urologist before travel. Antihistamine use can be a cause of urinary retention in men.

Medical consultation is required to relieve acute urinary retention. This usually requires sterile placement of a urinary catheter into the bladder. Older cowboys used to carry a straw in their hatbands for relief but this type of instrumentation is not recommended in the field except in emergency because it may cause an infection. Anyone with this condition should be evacuated.

Bladder infection is another common urologic condition which more often affects women and certainly can occur while traveling. Bladder infection is characterized by frequent urination accompanied by burning and urine may have a foul smell or blood. Recent sexual activity may be related to the infection.

Treatment consists of appropriate antibiotics, hydration, pain medication in severe cases, and medical attention if accompanied by a high fever. Drinking cranberry juice helps prevent urinary tract infections in women.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) may be acquired while traveling. Both gonorrhea and non-specific urethritis from other organisms are prevalent throughout the world and occur within a few days of exposure. STDs can cause burning during urination and a urethral discharge. Broad spectrum antibiotics are required. Other sexually transmitted diseases include HIV/AIDS, syphilis, and other painful or ulcerating disorders that usually manifest from weeks to months after exposure. Do not treat sexually transmitted diseases with just any antibiotic - seek medical attention to assure prescription of the proper antibiotic in an adequate dose.


Michael J. Manyak

Michael J. Manyak, MD, FACS, is an explorer, author, urologist, and corporate medical executive. He serves as Physician Program Lead, Global Medical Director Urology, GlaxoSmithKline, Inc.; Adjunct Professor of Urology and Engineering, The George Washington University; Chief Medical Advisor for Crisis Response, Accenture; and Vice President, National Eagle Scout Association. He resides in Chevy Chase, Md.

MEDIA MATTERS

Pleasure and Pain of Climbing Life


Kelly Cordes in the New York Times (Oct. 28, 2016), writes about the pleasure and pain of the climbing life. She says, in part, "Those remote mountains inspire you, but they scare you, too. You take a deep breath and walk toward them, their stone and ice towering above as you try to quiet your swirling doubts.

"In those moments, I loved it. I hated it. I swore this was the last time. Then I would step off the ground and embrace the unknown, working with my fear in a world of indescribable beauty."

He was injured in a climbing accident at the age of 41 and goes on to recount the anguish of six surgeries over the next 13 months.

Read Cordes' opinion piece here:

http://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/10/29/opinion/the-pleasure-and-pain-of-the-climbing-life.html?smid=tw-share&_r=0&referer=

IN PASSING


Dr. Fred Roots on the 2016 SOI Arctic Expedition (Photo by Martin Lipman)

Fred Roots (1923 to 2016), Polar Exploration Legend

Dr. Fred Roots, a Canadian geologist who made significant contributions to polar science and international environmental research and policy, died at the age of 93, unexpectedly and peacefully at his home beside the ocean in East Sooke, British Columbia. It was less than a year after he received The Explorers Club's highest award, The Explorers Club Medal at the Waldorf Astoria in New York City, where he received two standing ovations.

A much-honored explorer with a mountain range named after him in Antarctica (the Roots Range),he was a mentor to hundreds of high school students who participated in the Students on Ice (SOI) program.

Geoff Green, founder of SOI says of Roots, "A true scientist and explorer. A founding father of Students on Ice, continuing his advisory and mentorship role right up to our most recent Arctic expedition. From pole to pole, he has touched so many lives, organizations, planetary processes, treaties, agreements, discoveries, and he truly made Canada and the World a better place."

Watch a three-minute video on Roots here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_QCv1C6q1RU

Read his obituary in the Canadian Globe and Mail (Nov. 4):

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/fred-roots-was-modest-brilliant-and-a-legend-of-polar-exploration/article32686729/

ON THE HORIZON

Sea Stories Sail into New York Explorers Club, Nov. 12, 2016


On Saturday, Nov. 12, 2016, The Explorers Club will host its annual Sea Stories, a day focused on ocean exploration, scuba diving and marine life at its headquarters in Manhattan.


Chris Fischer of OCEARCH

Speakers include:

* Dr. Ian Walker - "Hooked: The Tragedy of By-Catch and One Sea Turtle's Story of Rescue and Rehabilitation at the Bermuda Aquarium, Museum and Zoo."

* Chris Fischer - "OCEARCH"

* Jim Kennard - "Discovering Lake Ontario's Historic Shipwrecks"

* Susan Casey - "Voices in the Ocean"

* Joe Mazraani and Anthony Tedeschi - "From Ordinary to Extraordinary: The Merchant Mariner's Heroic Role in WWII's Battle for the Atlantic"

The $70 admission includes lunch and 5 p.m. reception. Student price: $35

For more information: https://explorers.org/events/detail/sea_stories_2016

American Alpine Club Annual Dinner, Feb. 24 to 25, 2017, Seattle

The AAC's Annual Benefit Dinner is the Club's largest event of the year where members and guests can rub shoulders with climbing legends, enjoy fine dining and socializing, and celebrate climbing's highest achievements.


Conrad Anker

Keynote speaker is Conrad Anker, billed as, "the man who embodies the new age of super technical explorers."

Time: 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. Location: Seattle's Mountaineers Clubhouse, Vertical World, and Seattle Marriott Waterfront. Tickets start at $175 for members.

For more information: www.americanalpineclub.org

EXPEDITION CLASSIFIEDS

Get Sponsored! – Hundreds of explorers and adventurers raise money each month to travel on world class expeditions to Mt. Everest, Nepal, Antarctica and elsewhere. Now the techniques they use to pay for their journeys are available to anyone who has a dream adventure project in mind, according to the book from Skyhorse Publishing called: "Get Sponsored: A Funding Guide for Explorers, Adventurers and Would Be World Travelers."

Author Jeff Blumenfeld, an adventure marketing specialist who has represented 3M, Coleman, Du Pont, Lands' End and Orvis, among others, shares techniques for securing sponsors for expeditions and adventures.

Buy it here: http://www.amazon.com/Get-Sponsored-Explorers-Adventurers-Travelers-ebook/dp/B00H12FLH2

Advertise in Expedition News – For more information: blumassoc@aol.com.

Seeking the Most Inaccessible Places on Earth


IRISH ADVENTURER SEEKS POLES OF INACCESSIBILITY

Study maps long enough and you're bound to identify a challenge not yet met. Such was the case of the late businessman Dick Bass in 1985 who targeted climbs to the tallest peaks on each continent, the so-called Seven Summits.

Now 46-year old Mike O'Shea, an Irish adventurer and public speaker from Dingle, is set to reach the Poles of Inaccessibility on each landmass on the planet.


Mike O'Shea is going to be rather inaccessible this fall.

A pole of inaccessibility (POI) is a geographical point that represents the most remote place to reach in a given area, often based on distance from the nearest coastline. A geographic concept, the location of a pole of inaccessibility is not necessarily an actual physical feature. Canadian explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson (1879-1962) was the first to introduce this concept in 1920 to differentiate between the location of the North Pole and the most remote and difficult location to reach in the Arctic.

These locations include some of the most remote and difficult places to reach in the world and although several of them are located near human settlements, reportedly, no one has ever reached all six Poles of Inaccessibility ­- perhaps until now when O'Shea will travel across each full continent via the POI's (coast to pole to coast), beginning this December in North America.

O'Shea will depart for New York in mid-November. To reach each POI, he will proceed by Jeep, on foot, on horseback, motorbike, and in the case of Antarctica, by ski and kite. First stop is the hilly wilderness between the towns of Allen and Kyle in southwestern South Dakota where the North American POI is located. He will then arrive in Los Angeles by the 25th, having traveled 3,380 miles coast-to-coast.

The South American POI, in Brazil, surrounded by lush vegetation, canyons, and waterfalls is next on the schedule.


As part of The Ice Project, O' Shea has crossed Lake Baikal in Northern Russia, Chile's North Patagonian Icecap, the Southern Icecap on Kilimanjaro and a full Greenland crossing. The summer of 2013 also saw Mike guide seven Irish groups up Kilimanjaro. While in Africa Mike also successfully managed to raise funds for and build an orphanage for local children whose parents died of HIV.

His mountaineering experience has allowed him to work on numerous projects such as Red Bull Cliff Diving and Crashed Ice events and international films such as Star Wars. His impressive resume includes 30 years rope access experience, in the Alps, Himalayas, Africa, New Zealand and Iran Jaya; 10 years mountain rescue; 15 years Coast Guard rescue; occupational first aid; and search rescue management.

The €350,000 (approx. $387,000) project is currently self-funded, although sponsors are being sought; their support will help speed-up his estimated 18 to 24-month timeframe.

Learn more about O'Shea's background at www.mikeoshea.ie

The POI project website is: www.thepolesproject.com

To see the list of POI's, view:

http://apl.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=ce19bec7a3c541d0b95c449df9bb8eb5

EXPEDITION UPDATE

UNESCO Blocks Effort to Study Columbus' Santa Maria Wreck Site


Evidence continues of possible looting of the Santa Maria shipwreck off Haiti, according to marine archaeologist Barry Clifford who made worldwide news in May 2014 when he presented evidence that the iconic Columbus flagship had been located (see EN, June 2014).

"We have overwhelming evidence regarding the Santa Maria, but UNESCO refuses to review any of our research, or to speak with Professor Charles D. Beeker, Ph.D., or myself," he tells EN. Beeker is the director of Underwater Science at Indiana University Bloomington, and a renowned Columbus scholar.

"Efforts continue to preserve what's left of our important discovery off Cap-Haitian. Professor Beeker, one of the leading lombard (cannon) experts at the Mary Rose Trust, positively identified the round object (we saw) as a section of a lombard - the same artillery pieces Columbus mentions in his Dario."

Clifford, from Provincetown, Mass., continues, "As we have the exact Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) coordinates of our discovery, someday, someone will positively identify the wreck site. Unfortunately, the site is being pulled to pieces by local salvors after UNESCO dismissed our project ... and soon, there will be nothing left of the vessel."

Clifford offers as proof of looting, a video taken by Professor Beeker of a discarded 15th century wrought iron artillery piece suspected to be the Columbus lombard discovered outside the Haitian dive shop and hotel from where UNESCO conducted their investigation of Clifford's discovery.

"The artillery piece was originally observed and noted in-situ by Edwin Link on an expedition to locate the remains of the Santa Maria in 1960, and then again by myself and my associates on an expedition endorsed and made possible by the late Sen. Edward Kennedy."


Lombard discovered and photographed in-situ off Cap-Haitian. (Photo courtesy Brandon Clifford).

Clifford adds, "The lombard is the eighth such 'cannon' discovered in the Western Hemisphere and presumed to be from one of only 20 shipwrecks of this period in the entire world. The lombard was discovered 1.5 nautical miles offshore, the exact distance Columbus stated the Santa Maria wrecked from the fort he built, in part, with the remains of that vessel .... approximately 300 to 400 feet from the 'Columbus anchor' which Edwin Link discovered and donated to the Smithsonian.

"Yet, UNESCO ignored the presence of the looted lombard, which had obviously been illegally taken from our protected wreck site, and broken to pieces along with many other ancient artifacts. They also refused to speak with me or Professor Beeker in the face of our valid permit and my having been appointed by the Prime Minister of Haiti to a Special Commission to protect the Santa Maria," Clifford says.

"UNESCO also refused to review any of our many years of remote sensing survey records, underwater videos and photography."

Beeker dismisses the UNESCO study as inconclusive, and says it didn't analyze the wreck's wood, ballast or datable ceramics. According to Beeker, politics were behind the decision to reject his proposal. He claims UNESCO wouldn't let him back on the wreck if he was working with Clifford. UNESCO denies the decision was political, according to a story in New Scientist (June 11, 2016), by Michael Bawaya.

See a profile of Beeker's work here:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23030770-400-shipwreck-archaeologist-versus-treasure-hunters-of-the-caribbean/ (subscription required)

Heard Island Expedition Studies Lagoon,
Communicates with 75K Hams Worldwide


The 2016 Cordell Expedition to Heard Island was the first scientific expedition to this extreme and extremely remote island in the Territory of Australia, in the Southern Ocean, in almost 15 years (see EN, June 2015). The two-month, half-million-dollar project took nearly four years to plan and prepare.

The actual voyage started in March 2016, in Cape Town, South Africa. After a 12-day sail, the expedition reached Heard Island at 53°S 73°E. The onsite team of 14 spent three weeks on the island, documenting significant changes in the two-mile-high volcano, glaciers, lagoons, and wildlife that have occurred over the past decade, and exploring areas not previously visited by anyone.


The Heard Island base camp with its sea of amateur radio antennas.

They were the first to enter and document a two-mile-wide lagoon created in the past ten years by the melting of a major glacier, and collected samples of rocks, sediment, and water. They also carried out an amateur radio operation that logged 75,000 contacts worldwide, and included a number of innovations in radio technology. The return voyage ended in late April in Fremantle, Western Australia.

In addition to the onsite scientific work, the project implemented a large number of infotech innovations, including a live online help desk, the first remote radio operation, the real-time web radio log display, and live Skype interviews with journalists and schools.

It was led by Dr. Robert Schmieder who has been organizing and leading scientific expeditions for 35 years. He is the founder of the nonprofit oceanic research organization Cordell Expeditions, which has to its credit more than 1,000 discoveries, including new species, range and depth extensions, and first observations.

Through the website, blog, Facebook, Twitter, newsletter, and numerous interviews and presentations, this expedition significantly raised the standard for outreach and interactivity for remote scientific projects, according to Schmieder.

For more information: www.heardisland.org

EXPEDITION NOTES

Good Luck Avoiding the Internet Out There


Swedish outdoor brand Haglöfs now offers trekkers on the northern Swedish trail Kungsleden, in the middle of the Swedish wilderness, free Wi-Fi. But there's a catch - it only works when it rains.


Now you can watch cat videos, even in the wilds of Sweden.

The weather in Northern Sweden can get pretty rough, and Haglöfs has helped people endure the weather since 1914. But today people seem to believe that being online is just as important as staying dry when the rain is pouring down. According to a 2014 survey, a good Wi-Fi connection is one on the things people value the most when we are traveling.

A Wi-Fi placed along the trail Kungsleden in northern Sweden gives trekkers the opportunity to go online in places where there normally is no connectivity at all.

Starting last month, anyone planning on heading out for Kungsleden can check out www.haglofsweather.fi to get the latest forecast for the region and to see whether the weather-fi will be up and running.

The free Wi-Fi connection is driven by solar panels, and is linked to a local weather station acting as an on/off switch. The worse the downpour, the better the signal.

Thanks Haglofs. Cue the eye roll. Obviously, there's no exit off the Information Highway.

Read the official announcement here:

http://www.mynewsdesk.com/haglofs/pressreleases/when-it-rains-it-streams-1591232

Watch the video here:

http://www.haglofs.com/se/sv


"Blurring Effect" Can Be Deadly During Himalayan Expeditions

Five decades of Himalayan treks show how collectivism operates in diverse groups.
By studying climbers summiting Mount Everest, Professor Jennifer Chatman of UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business, learned when collectivism works, and when it can be deadly.

Cooperation is valued as a key attribute of successful groups, encouraging cohesion among diverse members. But Chatman discovered that there can be a high cost when it comes to decision-making and performance because the tentative ties among diverse group members cause them to overemphasize their shared group identity and overlook the individual differences in skills and experience that can help the group succeed.

She calls this a "blurring effect," which is detailed in her new study, "Blurred Lines: How Collectivism Mutes the Disruptive and Elaborating Effects of Demographic Diversity on Group Performance in Himalayan Mountain Climbing."

"By simply asking people in a diverse group to focus on commonalities within the group, they appear to be unable to also focus on the attributes that differentiate group members from one another. It is like asking people to focus on the forest, which seems to preclude them from also focusing on the trees," says Chatman.

To study how collectivism fails, the researchers tapped the Himalayan Database, a compilation of all expeditions in the Nepalese Himalaya since 1950. Journalist Elizabeth Hawley began compiling this database in 1960, when she moved from the U.S. to Kathmandu, Nepal, and interviewed thousands of climbers who are required to register their expeditions with the Nepalese government.

Read the study here:

http://newsroom.haas.berkeley.edu/research-news/how-himalayan-mountain-climbers-teach-us-work-better-together

High Altitude Remembrance

No matter what your opinion about crowding on Mount Everest, or its commercialization, the mountain still stands as a metaphor for high achievement. When members of the VOICES of September 11 organization, based in New Canaan, Conn., learned that its Flag of Honor was anonymously displayed at Everest base camp last month, the image was proudly shared with thousands via social media.


Everest base camp remembers 9/11 (Photo courtesy Michael W. Halstead, Yachtstore.com)

The photo was taken on Oct. 24 by Michael W. Halstead of Sun Valley, Idaho, and Vero Beach, Fla., during his guided trek to the 17,600-ft. base camp. The flag displays the names of the 2,977 lives lost on that tragic day. VOICES of Sept. 11 was founded by Mary Fetchet in 2001, a mother who lost her 24-year old son Brad on 9/11.

Now 15 years later, VOICES offers help to any community that suffers from an act of terrorism, mass violence or natural disasters. Its VOICES Center of Excellence for Community Resilience helps communities heal after tragedy.

Learn more at: www.voicesofsept11.org

QUOTE OF THE MONTH

"Doesn't everything die at last, and too soon?
Tell me, what is it you plan to do
with your one wild and precious life?"


- From The Summer Day by American poet Mary Oliver (1935-)

Read the entire poem here:

https://www.loc.gov/poetry/180/133.html

EXPEDITION FOCUS

When You Need a Plumber


By Michael J. Manyak, MD, MED 92
Reprinted by permission from The Explorers Journal

One frequently worries about the local plumbing while in the field, but what if the plumbing of concern is yours? Urinary difficulties range from mildly irritating to exquisitely painful and potentially life-threatening processes. Some remain innocuous, others worsen, and some strike acutely with no warning. Urinary tract problems can occur in the kidney, ureter (tube between the kidney and bladder), bladder, urethra (tube from the bladder to the outside), and in the male genitalia.

Blood in the urine (hematuria) is one of the most common complaints and is disturbing but rarely life-threatening unless massive or if significant trauma has occurred in which case more than one organ system is usually involved. Many conditions can cause hematuria and a little bit of blood looks like a lot. Microscopic hematuria is not something you will notice but may be detected on urinalysis.

In either case of visible or microscopic hematuria, an evaluation by a urologist for the cause is important, though not an emergency. Hematuria can be a harbinger of serious problems like tumors of the urinary tract. Painless hematuria needs to be evaluated in a timely fashion but is rarely a cause for evacuation. Hematuria with pain can be caused by common conditions like urinary calculi (stones) and bladder infections.


Some medications can cause urine to look like it has blood in it. Certain strains of malaria and disorders like sickle cell may also have discolored urine suggestive of blood.

Passage of urinary calculi (stones) is a common, very painful urinary condition. Stone formation occurs with dehydration and in areas where there is a higher mineral concentration in the water. There are stone "belts" in various parts of the world with a high incidence of urinary stones due to increased water mineral content. You should remain well hydrated especially in dry or very hot climates and if you spend a long time in a location, find out whether urinary stones are common.

Stones often cause excruciating flank pain that may radiate to the lower abdomen or groin, waxes and wanes, and often causes nausea and vomiting. Small stones may pass but larger ones can cause complete obstruction.

Passage of a stone provides nearly immediate relief of pain. Obstruction is a medical emergency because the trapped urine can damage the kidney or lead to an infection which is potentially life-threatening. Any fever other than low grade with a suspected urinary stone is an emergency because of the potential for overwhelming infection. Therefore, victims may need to be evacuated for fever or pain control.

The development of acute urinary retention, the inability to pass urine, is a urinary tract emergency. It is accompanied by severe lower abdominal discomfort and distention. This is most often seen in males and commonly related to urethral scar tissue in younger males and prostatic obstruction in older males. This medical emergency is often preceded by difficulty with urination and any man with such issues should consult with a urologist before travel. Antihistamine use can be a cause of urinary retention in men.

Medical consultation is required to relieve acute urinary retention. This usually requires sterile placement of a urinary catheter into the bladder. Older cowboys used to carry a straw in their hatbands for relief but this type of instrumentation is not recommended in the field except in emergency because it may cause an infection. Anyone with this condition should be evacuated.

Bladder infection is another common urologic condition which more often affects women and certainly can occur while traveling. Bladder infection is characterized by frequent urination accompanied by burning and urine may have a foul smell or blood. Recent sexual activity may be related to the infection.

Treatment consists of appropriate antibiotics, hydration, pain medication in severe cases, and medical attention if accompanied by a high fever. Drinking cranberry juice helps prevent urinary tract infections in women.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) may be acquired while traveling. Both gonorrhea and non-specific urethritis from other organisms are prevalent throughout the world and occur within a few days of exposure. STDs can cause burning during urination and a urethral discharge. Broad spectrum antibiotics are required. Other sexually transmitted diseases include HIV/AIDS, syphilis, and other painful or ulcerating disorders that usually manifest from weeks to months after exposure. Do not treat sexually transmitted diseases with just any antibiotic - seek medical attention to assure prescription of the proper antibiotic in an adequate dose.


Michael J. Manyak

Michael J. Manyak, MD, FACS, is an explorer, author, urologist, and corporate medical executive. He serves as Physician Program Lead, Global Medical Director Urology, GlaxoSmithKline, Inc.; Adjunct Professor of Urology and Engineering, The George Washington University; Chief Medical Advisor for Crisis Response, Accenture; and Vice President, National Eagle Scout Association. He resides in Chevy Chase, Md.

MEDIA MATTERS

Pleasure and Pain of Climbing Life


Kelly Cordes in the New York Times (Oct. 28, 2016), writes about the pleasure and pain of the climbing life. She says, in part, "Those remote mountains inspire you, but they scare you, too. You take a deep breath and walk toward them, their stone and ice towering above as you try to quiet your swirling doubts.

"In those moments, I loved it. I hated it. I swore this was the last time. Then I would step off the ground and embrace the unknown, working with my fear in a world of indescribable beauty."

He was injured in a climbing accident at the age of 41 and goes on to recount the anguish of six surgeries over the next 13 months.

Read Cordes' opinion piece here:

http://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/10/29/opinion/the-pleasure-and-pain-of-the-climbing-life.html?smid=tw-share&_r=0&referer=

IN PASSING


Dr. Fred Roots on the 2016 SOI Arctic Expedition (Photo by Martin Lipman)

Fred Roots (1923 to 2016), Polar Exploration Legend

Dr. Fred Roots, a Canadian geologist who made significant contributions to polar science and international environmental research and policy, died at the age of 93, unexpectedly and peacefully at his home beside the ocean in East Sooke, British Columbia. It was less than a year after he received The Explorers Club's highest award, The Explorers Club Medal at the Waldorf Astoria in New York City, where he received two standing ovations.

A much-honored explorer with a mountain range named after him in Antarctica (the Roots Range),he was a mentor to hundreds of high school students who participated in the Students on Ice (SOI) program.

Geoff Green, founder of SOI says of Roots, "A true scientist and explorer. A founding father of Students on Ice, continuing his advisory and mentorship role right up to our most recent Arctic expedition. From pole to pole, he has touched so many lives, organizations, planetary processes, treaties, agreements, discoveries, and he truly made Canada and the World a better place."

Watch a three-minute video on Roots here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_QCv1C6q1RU

Read his obituary in the Canadian Globe and Mail (Nov. 4):

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/fred-roots-was-modest-brilliant-and-a-legend-of-polar-exploration/article32686729/

ON THE HORIZON

Sea Stories Sail into New York Explorers Club, Nov. 12, 2016


On Saturday, Nov. 12, 2016, The Explorers Club will host its annual Sea Stories, a day focused on ocean exploration, scuba diving and marine life at its headquarters in Manhattan.


Chris Fischer of OCEARCH

Speakers include:

* Dr. Ian Walker - "Hooked: The Tragedy of By-Catch and One Sea Turtle's Story of Rescue and Rehabilitation at the Bermuda Aquarium, Museum and Zoo."

* Chris Fischer - "OCEARCH"

* Jim Kennard - "Discovering Lake Ontario's Historic Shipwrecks"

* Susan Casey - "Voices in the Ocean"

* Joe Mazraani and Anthony Tedeschi - "From Ordinary to Extraordinary: The Merchant Mariner's Heroic Role in WWII's Battle for the Atlantic"

The $70 admission includes lunch and 5 p.m. reception. Student price: $35

For more information: https://explorers.org/events/detail/sea_stories_2016

American Alpine Club Annual Dinner, Feb. 24 to 25, 2017, Seattle

The AAC's Annual Benefit Dinner is the Club's largest event of the year where members and guests can rub shoulders with climbing legends, enjoy fine dining and socializing, and celebrate climbing's highest achievements.


Conrad Anker

Keynote speaker is Conrad Anker, billed as, "the man who embodies the new age of super technical explorers."

Time: 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. Location: Seattle's Mountaineers Clubhouse, Vertical World, and Seattle Marriott Waterfront. Tickets start at $175 for members.

For more information: www.americanalpineclub.org

EXPEDITION CLASSIFIEDS

Get Sponsored! – Hundreds of explorers and adventurers raise money each month to travel on world class expeditions to Mt. Everest, Nepal, Antarctica and elsewhere. Now the techniques they use to pay for their journeys are available to anyone who has a dream adventure project in mind, according to the book from Skyhorse Publishing called: "Get Sponsored: A Funding Guide for Explorers, Adventurers and Would Be World Travelers."

Author Jeff Blumenfeld, an adventure marketing specialist who has represented 3M, Coleman, Du Pont, Lands' End and Orvis, among others, shares techniques for securing sponsors for expeditions and adventures.

Buy it here: http://www.amazon.com/Get-Sponsored-Explorers-Adventurers-Travelers-ebook/dp/B00H12FLH2

Advertise in Expedition News – For more information: blumassoc@aol.com.

Seeking the Most Inaccessible Places on Earth


IRISH ADVENTURER SEEKS POLES OF INACCESSIBILITY

Study maps long enough and you're bound to identify a challenge not yet met. Such was the case of the late businessman Dick Bass in 1985 who targeted climbs to the tallest peaks on each continent, the so-called Seven Summits.

Now 46-year old Mike O'Shea, an Irish adventurer and public speaker from Dingle, is set to reach the Poles of Inaccessibility on each landmass on the planet.


Mike O'Shea is going to be rather inaccessible this fall.

A pole of inaccessibility (POI) is a geographical point that represents the most remote place to reach in a given area, often based on distance from the nearest coastline. A geographic concept, the location of a pole of inaccessibility is not necessarily an actual physical feature. Canadian explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson (1879-1962) was the first to introduce this concept in 1920 to differentiate between the location of the North Pole and the most remote and difficult location to reach in the Arctic.

These locations include some of the most remote and difficult places to reach in the world and although several of them are located near human settlements, reportedly, no one has ever reached all six Poles of Inaccessibility ­- perhaps until now when O'Shea will travel across each full continent via the POI's (coast to pole to coast), beginning this December in North America.

O'Shea will depart for New York in mid-November. To reach each POI, he will proceed by Jeep, on foot, on horseback, motorbike, and in the case of Antarctica, by ski and kite. First stop is the hilly wilderness between the towns of Allen and Kyle in southwestern South Dakota where the North American POI is located. He will then arrive in Los Angeles by the 25th, having traveled 3,380 miles coast-to-coast.

The South American POI, in Brazil, surrounded by lush vegetation, canyons, and waterfalls is next on the schedule.


As part of The Ice Project, O' Shea has crossed Lake Baikal in Northern Russia, Chile's North Patagonian Icecap, the Southern Icecap on Kilimanjaro and a full Greenland crossing. The summer of 2013 also saw Mike guide seven Irish groups up Kilimanjaro. While in Africa Mike also successfully managed to raise funds for and build an orphanage for local children whose parents died of HIV.

His mountaineering experience has allowed him to work on numerous projects such as Red Bull Cliff Diving and Crashed Ice events and international films such as Star Wars. His impressive resume includes 30 years rope access experience, in the Alps, Himalayas, Africa, New Zealand and Iran Jaya; 10 years mountain rescue; 15 years Coast Guard rescue; occupational first aid; and search rescue management.

The €350,000 (approx. $387,000) project is currently self-funded, although sponsors are being sought; their support will help speed-up his estimated 18 to 24-month timeframe.

Learn more about O'Shea's background at www.mikeoshea.ie

The POI project website is: www.thepolesproject.com

To see the list of POI's, view:

http://apl.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=ce19bec7a3c541d0b95c449df9bb8eb5

EXPEDITION UPDATE

UNESCO Blocks Effort to Study Columbus' Santa Maria Wreck Site


Evidence continues of possible looting of the Santa Maria shipwreck off Haiti, according to marine archaeologist Barry Clifford who made worldwide news in May 2014 when he presented evidence that the iconic Columbus flagship had been located (see EN, June 2014).

"We have overwhelming evidence regarding the Santa Maria, but UNESCO refuses to review any of our research, or to speak with Professor Charles D. Beeker, Ph.D., or myself," he tells EN. Beeker is the director of Underwater Science at Indiana University Bloomington, and a renowned Columbus scholar.

"Efforts continue to preserve what's left of our important discovery off Cap-Haitian. Professor Beeker, one of the leading lombard (cannon) experts at the Mary Rose Trust, positively identified the round object (we saw) as a section of a lombard - the same artillery pieces Columbus mentions in his Dario."

Clifford, from Provincetown, Mass., continues, "As we have the exact Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) coordinates of our discovery, someday, someone will positively identify the wreck site. Unfortunately, the site is being pulled to pieces by local salvors after UNESCO dismissed our project ... and soon, there will be nothing left of the vessel."

Clifford offers as proof of looting, a video taken by Professor Beeker of a discarded 15th century wrought iron artillery piece suspected to be the Columbus lombard discovered outside the Haitian dive shop and hotel from where UNESCO conducted their investigation of Clifford's discovery.

"The artillery piece was originally observed and noted in-situ by Edwin Link on an expedition to locate the remains of the Santa Maria in 1960, and then again by myself and my associates on an expedition endorsed and made possible by the late Sen. Edward Kennedy."


Lombard discovered and photographed in-situ off Cap-Haitian. (Photo courtesy Brandon Clifford).

Clifford adds, "The lombard is the eighth such 'cannon' discovered in the Western Hemisphere and presumed to be from one of only 20 shipwrecks of this period in the entire world. The lombard was discovered 1.5 nautical miles offshore, the exact distance Columbus stated the Santa Maria wrecked from the fort he built, in part, with the remains of that vessel .... approximately 300 to 400 feet from the 'Columbus anchor' which Edwin Link discovered and donated to the Smithsonian.

"Yet, UNESCO ignored the presence of the looted lombard, which had obviously been illegally taken from our protected wreck site, and broken to pieces along with many other ancient artifacts. They also refused to speak with me or Professor Beeker in the face of our valid permit and my having been appointed by the Prime Minister of Haiti to a Special Commission to protect the Santa Maria," Clifford says.

"UNESCO also refused to review any of our many years of remote sensing survey records, underwater videos and photography."

Beeker dismisses the UNESCO study as inconclusive, and says it didn't analyze the wreck's wood, ballast or datable ceramics. According to Beeker, politics were behind the decision to reject his proposal. He claims UNESCO wouldn't let him back on the wreck if he was working with Clifford. UNESCO denies the decision was political, according to a story in New Scientist (June 11, 2016), by Michael Bawaya.

See a profile of Beeker's work here:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23030770-400-shipwreck-archaeologist-versus-treasure-hunters-of-the-caribbean/ (subscription required)

Heard Island Expedition Studies Lagoon,
Communicates with 75K Hams Worldwide


The 2016 Cordell Expedition to Heard Island was the first scientific expedition to this extreme and extremely remote island in the Territory of Australia, in the Southern Ocean, in almost 15 years (see EN, June 2015). The two-month, half-million-dollar project took nearly four years to plan and prepare.

The actual voyage started in March 2016, in Cape Town, South Africa. After a 12-day sail, the expedition reached Heard Island at 53°S 73°E. The onsite team of 14 spent three weeks on the island, documenting significant changes in the two-mile-high volcano, glaciers, lagoons, and wildlife that have occurred over the past decade, and exploring areas not previously visited by anyone.


The Heard Island base camp with its sea of amateur radio antennas.

They were the first to enter and document a two-mile-wide lagoon created in the past ten years by the melting of a major glacier, and collected samples of rocks, sediment, and water. They also carried out an amateur radio operation that logged 75,000 contacts worldwide, and included a number of innovations in radio technology. The return voyage ended in late April in Fremantle, Western Australia.

In addition to the onsite scientific work, the project implemented a large number of infotech innovations, including a live online help desk, the first remote radio operation, the real-time web radio log display, and live Skype interviews with journalists and schools.

It was led by Dr. Robert Schmieder who has been organizing and leading scientific expeditions for 35 years. He is the founder of the nonprofit oceanic research organization Cordell Expeditions, which has to its credit more than 1,000 discoveries, including new species, range and depth extensions, and first observations.

Through the website, blog, Facebook, Twitter, newsletter, and numerous interviews and presentations, this expedition significantly raised the standard for outreach and interactivity for remote scientific projects, according to Schmieder.

For more information: www.heardisland.org

EXPEDITION NOTES

Good Luck Avoiding the Internet Out There


Swedish outdoor brand Haglöfs now offers trekkers on the northern Swedish trail Kungsleden, in the middle of the Swedish wilderness, free Wi-Fi. But there's a catch - it only works when it rains.


Now you can watch cat videos, even in the wilds of Sweden.

The weather in Northern Sweden can get pretty rough, and Haglöfs has helped people endure the weather since 1914. But today people seem to believe that being online is just as important as staying dry when the rain is pouring down. According to a 2014 survey, a good Wi-Fi connection is one on the things people value the most when we are traveling.

A Wi-Fi placed along the trail Kungsleden in northern Sweden gives trekkers the opportunity to go online in places where there normally is no connectivity at all.

Starting last month, anyone planning on heading out for Kungsleden can check out www.haglofsweather.fi to get the latest forecast for the region and to see whether the weather-fi will be up and running.

The free Wi-Fi connection is driven by solar panels, and is linked to a local weather station acting as an on/off switch. The worse the downpour, the better the signal.

Thanks Haglofs. Cue the eye roll. Obviously, there's no exit off the Information Highway.

Read the official announcement here:

http://www.mynewsdesk.com/haglofs/pressreleases/when-it-rains-it-streams-1591232

Watch the video here:

http://www.haglofs.com/se/sv


"Blurring Effect" Can Be Deadly During Himalayan Expeditions

Five decades of Himalayan treks show how collectivism operates in diverse groups.
By studying climbers summiting Mount Everest, Professor Jennifer Chatman of UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business, learned when collectivism works, and when it can be deadly.

Cooperation is valued as a key attribute of successful groups, encouraging cohesion among diverse members. But Chatman discovered that there can be a high cost when it comes to decision-making and performance because the tentative ties among diverse group members cause them to overemphasize their shared group identity and overlook the individual differences in skills and experience that can help the group succeed.

She calls this a "blurring effect," which is detailed in her new study, "Blurred Lines: How Collectivism Mutes the Disruptive and Elaborating Effects of Demographic Diversity on Group Performance in Himalayan Mountain Climbing."

"By simply asking people in a diverse group to focus on commonalities within the group, they appear to be unable to also focus on the attributes that differentiate group members from one another. It is like asking people to focus on the forest, which seems to preclude them from also focusing on the trees," says Chatman.

To study how collectivism fails, the researchers tapped the Himalayan Database, a compilation of all expeditions in the Nepalese Himalaya since 1950. Journalist Elizabeth Hawley began compiling this database in 1960, when she moved from the U.S. to Kathmandu, Nepal, and interviewed thousands of climbers who are required to register their expeditions with the Nepalese government.

Read the study here:

http://newsroom.haas.berkeley.edu/research-news/how-himalayan-mountain-climbers-teach-us-work-better-together

High Altitude Remembrance

No matter what your opinion about crowding on Mount Everest, or its commercialization, the mountain still stands as a metaphor for high achievement. When members of the VOICES of September 11 organization, based in New Canaan, Conn., learned that its Flag of Honor was anonymously displayed at Everest base camp last month, the image was proudly shared with thousands via social media.


Everest base camp remembers 9/11 (Photo courtesy Michael W. Halstead, Yachtstore.com)

The photo was taken on Oct. 24 by Michael W. Halstead of Sun Valley, Idaho, and Vero Beach, Fla., during his guided trek to the 17,600-ft. base camp. The flag displays the names of the 2,977 lives lost on that tragic day. VOICES of Sept. 11 was founded by Mary Fetchet in 2001, a mother who lost her 24-year old son Brad on 9/11.

Now 15 years later, VOICES offers help to any community that suffers from an act of terrorism, mass violence or natural disasters. Its VOICES Center of Excellence for Community Resilience helps communities heal after tragedy.

Learn more at: www.voicesofsept11.org

QUOTE OF THE MONTH

"Doesn't everything die at last, and too soon?
Tell me, what is it you plan to do
with your one wild and precious life?"


- From The Summer Day by American poet Mary Oliver (1935-)

Read the entire poem here:

https://www.loc.gov/poetry/180/133.html

EXPEDITION FOCUS

When You Need a Plumber


By Michael J. Manyak, MD, MED 92
Reprinted by permission from The Explorers Journal

One frequently worries about the local plumbing while in the field, but what if the plumbing of concern is yours? Urinary difficulties range from mildly irritating to exquisitely painful and potentially life-threatening processes. Some remain innocuous, others worsen, and some strike acutely with no warning. Urinary tract problems can occur in the kidney, ureter (tube between the kidney and bladder), bladder, urethra (tube from the bladder to the outside), and in the male genitalia.

Blood in the urine (hematuria) is one of the most common complaints and is disturbing but rarely life-threatening unless massive or if significant trauma has occurred in which case more than one organ system is usually involved. Many conditions can cause hematuria and a little bit of blood looks like a lot. Microscopic hematuria is not something you will notice but may be detected on urinalysis.

In either case of visible or microscopic hematuria, an evaluation by a urologist for the cause is important, though not an emergency. Hematuria can be a harbinger of serious problems like tumors of the urinary tract. Painless hematuria needs to be evaluated in a timely fashion but is rarely a cause for evacuation. Hematuria with pain can be caused by common conditions like urinary calculi (stones) and bladder infections.


Some medications can cause urine to look like it has blood in it. Certain strains of malaria and disorders like sickle cell may also have discolored urine suggestive of blood.

Passage of urinary calculi (stones) is a common, very painful urinary condition. Stone formation occurs with dehydration and in areas where there is a higher mineral concentration in the water. There are stone "belts" in various parts of the world with a high incidence of urinary stones due to increased water mineral content. You should remain well hydrated especially in dry or very hot climates and if you spend a long time in a location, find out whether urinary stones are common.

Stones often cause excruciating flank pain that may radiate to the lower abdomen or groin, waxes and wanes, and often causes nausea and vomiting. Small stones may pass but larger ones can cause complete obstruction.

Passage of a stone provides nearly immediate relief of pain. Obstruction is a medical emergency because the trapped urine can damage the kidney or lead to an infection which is potentially life-threatening. Any fever other than low grade with a suspected urinary stone is an emergency because of the potential for overwhelming infection. Therefore, victims may need to be evacuated for fever or pain control.

The development of acute urinary retention, the inability to pass urine, is a urinary tract emergency. It is accompanied by severe lower abdominal discomfort and distention. This is most often seen in males and commonly related to urethral scar tissue in younger males and prostatic obstruction in older males. This medical emergency is often preceded by difficulty with urination and any man with such issues should consult with a urologist before travel. Antihistamine use can be a cause of urinary retention in men.

Medical consultation is required to relieve acute urinary retention. This usually requires sterile placement of a urinary catheter into the bladder. Older cowboys used to carry a straw in their hatbands for relief but this type of instrumentation is not recommended in the field except in emergency because it may cause an infection. Anyone with this condition should be evacuated.

Bladder infection is another common urologic condition which more often affects women and certainly can occur while traveling. Bladder infection is characterized by frequent urination accompanied by burning and urine may have a foul smell or blood. Recent sexual activity may be related to the infection.

Treatment consists of appropriate antibiotics, hydration, pain medication in severe cases, and medical attention if accompanied by a high fever. Drinking cranberry juice helps prevent urinary tract infections in women.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) may be acquired while traveling. Both gonorrhea and non-specific urethritis from other organisms are prevalent throughout the world and occur within a few days of exposure. STDs can cause burning during urination and a urethral discharge. Broad spectrum antibiotics are required. Other sexually transmitted diseases include HIV/AIDS, syphilis, and other painful or ulcerating disorders that usually manifest from weeks to months after exposure. Do not treat sexually transmitted diseases with just any antibiotic - seek medical attention to assure prescription of the proper antibiotic in an adequate dose.


Michael J. Manyak

Michael J. Manyak, MD, FACS, is an explorer, author, urologist, and corporate medical executive. He serves as Physician Program Lead, Global Medical Director Urology, GlaxoSmithKline, Inc.; Adjunct Professor of Urology and Engineering, The George Washington University; Chief Medical Advisor for Crisis Response, Accenture; and Vice President, National Eagle Scout Association. He resides in Chevy Chase, Md.

MEDIA MATTERS

Pleasure and Pain of Climbing Life


Kelly Cordes in the New York Times (Oct. 28, 2016), writes about the pleasure and pain of the climbing life. She says, in part, "Those remote mountains inspire you, but they scare you, too. You take a deep breath and walk toward them, their stone and ice towering above as you try to quiet your swirling doubts.

"In those moments, I loved it. I hated it. I swore this was the last time. Then I would step off the ground and embrace the unknown, working with my fear in a world of indescribable beauty."

He was injured in a climbing accident at the age of 41 and goes on to recount the anguish of six surgeries over the next 13 months.

Read Cordes' opinion piece here:

http://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/10/29/opinion/the-pleasure-and-pain-of-the-climbing-life.html?smid=tw-share&_r=0&referer=

IN PASSING


Dr. Fred Roots on the 2016 SOI Arctic Expedition (Photo by Martin Lipman)

Fred Roots (1923 to 2016), Polar Exploration Legend

Dr. Fred Roots, a Canadian geologist who made significant contributions to polar science and international environmental research and policy, died at the age of 93, unexpectedly and peacefully at his home beside the ocean in East Sooke, British Columbia. It was less than a year after he received The Explorers Club's highest award, The Explorers Club Medal at the Waldorf Astoria in New York City, where he received two standing ovations.

A much-honored explorer with a mountain range named after him in Antarctica (the Roots Range),he was a mentor to hundreds of high school students who participated in the Students on Ice (SOI) program.

Geoff Green, founder of SOI says of Roots, "A true scientist and explorer. A founding father of Students on Ice, continuing his advisory and mentorship role right up to our most recent Arctic expedition. From pole to pole, he has touched so many lives, organizations, planetary processes, treaties, agreements, discoveries, and he truly made Canada and the World a better place."

Watch a three-minute video on Roots here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_QCv1C6q1RU

Read his obituary in the Canadian Globe and Mail (Nov. 4):

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/fred-roots-was-modest-brilliant-and-a-legend-of-polar-exploration/article32686729/

ON THE HORIZON

Sea Stories Sail into New York Explorers Club, Nov. 12, 2016


On Saturday, Nov. 12, 2016, The Explorers Club will host its annual Sea Stories, a day focused on ocean exploration, scuba diving and marine life at its headquarters in Manhattan.


Chris Fischer of OCEARCH

Speakers include:

* Dr. Ian Walker - "Hooked: The Tragedy of By-Catch and One Sea Turtle's Story of Rescue and Rehabilitation at the Bermuda Aquarium, Museum and Zoo."

* Chris Fischer - "OCEARCH"

* Jim Kennard - "Discovering Lake Ontario's Historic Shipwrecks"

* Susan Casey - "Voices in the Ocean"

* Joe Mazraani and Anthony Tedeschi - "From Ordinary to Extraordinary: The Merchant Mariner's Heroic Role in WWII's Battle for the Atlantic"

The $70 admission includes lunch and 5 p.m. reception. Student price: $35

For more information: https://explorers.org/events/detail/sea_stories_2016

American Alpine Club Annual Dinner, Feb. 24 to 25, 2017, Seattle

The AAC's Annual Benefit Dinner is the Club's largest event of the year where members and guests can rub shoulders with climbing legends, enjoy fine dining and socializing, and celebrate climbing's highest achievements.


Conrad Anker

Keynote speaker is Conrad Anker, billed as, "the man who embodies the new age of super technical explorers."

Time: 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. Location: Seattle's Mountaineers Clubhouse, Vertical World, and Seattle Marriott Waterfront. Tickets start at $175 for members.

For more information: www.americanalpineclub.org

EXPEDITION CLASSIFIEDS

Get Sponsored! – Hundreds of explorers and adventurers raise money each month to travel on world class expeditions to Mt. Everest, Nepal, Antarctica and elsewhere. Now the techniques they use to pay for their journeys are available to anyone who has a dream adventure project in mind, according to the book from Skyhorse Publishing called: "Get Sponsored: A Funding Guide for Explorers, Adventurers and Would Be World Travelers."

Author Jeff Blumenfeld, an adventure marketing specialist who has represented 3M, Coleman, Du Pont, Lands' End and Orvis, among others, shares techniques for securing sponsors for expeditions and adventures.

Buy it here: http://www.amazon.com/Get-Sponsored-Explorers-Adventurers-Travelers-ebook/dp/B00H12FLH2

Advertise in Expedition News – For more information: blumassoc@aol.com.

Monday, October 24, 2016

"The World Needs More Explorers"

EXPEDITION UPDATE

New Documentary Places Global Fashion Industry on Notice


RiverBlue is a new documentary that chronicles an around-the-world river adventure, led by paddler and river conservationist, Mark Angelo, who ends up uncovering and documenting the dark side of the global fashion industry. The film had its world premiere at the opening of the Vancouver International Film Festival (VIFF) earlier this month in British Columbia (see EN, May 2014).

Nominated for the Festival's prestigious Impact Award, RiverBlue sets out to change an industry in an important effort to make it more sustainable and ethical. The film, narrated by actor, director and long time water supporter, Jason Priestley, will travel to a host of festivals in the future.



"Because we all buy clothes, ranging from denim to leather, this issue takes the river conservation message to a much broader audience in a way we can all relate to. It's a vitally important and timely topic," says Angelo.

Watch the trailer here:

http://riverbluethemovie.com/trailers/

First Ancient Shipwreck Skeleton Found Since Advent of DNA Studies

A nearly complete skeleton was recently discovered within the 2,100-year-old Antikythera shipwreck near Greece. Archaeologists have been scouring the 150-ft. deep site more than 100 years, and only a few scattered human remains have shown up during that time (see EN, July 2016). It's reportedly the first human skeleton recovered from an ancient shipwreck since the advent of DNA studies, according to a story in the Washington Post (Sept. 20) by Sarah Kaplan.

Discovered by sponge divers in 1901, the wreck has yielded a king's ransom in ancient bronze statues, silver coins, ceramic jars, marble sculptures and decadent gold jewelry. Most precious of all is the mysterious Antikythera mechanism, a complex, clockwork instrument that modeled the passage of time and the movements of celestial bodies and has been called the world's oldest computer.

It is far and away the most sophisticated piece of machinery from the ancient world, and scientists still have no idea who made it - or why, writes Kaplan.

Read the story here:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2016/09/20/a-skeleton-from-the-site-of-the-ancient-worlds-most-famous-shipwreck-could-reveal-creator-of-the-first-computer/

EXPEDITION NOTES

Virtual Reality "Captures" Everest


A new virtual-reality documentary series will let viewers join a team of mountaineers as they tackle a perilous climb up Mount Everest.

The VR series, called Capturing Everest, will chronicle the journey of four climbers - including Garrett Madison, who summitted Everest six times, and Brent Bishop, who summitted three times - as they attempt to ascend the giant peak.

Sports Illustrated is partnering with Endemol Shine Beyond USA, a digital media network, to produce the series, which they call the "first complete Mount Everest climb in virtual reality."

Set to debut in early 2017, the documentary was shot over the span of two months, according to Sports Illustrated. The footage was recorded using cameras on zip lines and body cams attached to climbers' harnesses. The multipart documentary will enable viewers to experience the climb from a first-person perspective.

"Capturing an ascent in VR makes the unattainable seem attainable while, at the same time, reinforcing the mythology of Everest," Chris Stone, Time Inc. Sports Illustrated Group editorial director, said in the Sports Illustrated article.

Read more and see the trailer here:

http://www.livescience.com/56451-mount-everest-virtual-reality-documentary.html

QUOTE OF THE MONTH

"I may say that this is the greatest factor - the way in which the expedition is equipped - the way in which every difficulty is foreseen, and precautions taken for meeting or avoiding it. Victory awaits him who has everything in order - luck, people call it. Defeat is certain for him who has neglected to take the necessary precautions in time; this is called bad luck."

- Source: The South Pole: An Account of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition in the Fram, 1910 - 12 (1912) by Roald Amundsen (1872 to 1928)

MEDIA MATTERS

British Adventurer Alastair Humphreys Searches for Yeti in Bhutan


Briton Alastair Humphreys is leading a team in search of the Yeti in Bhutan. The Yeti, or Abominable Snowman, has been part of Bhutanese folklore since the late 1700s, with a number of high-profile sightings that remain unexplained to this day, according to a story in the UK Daily Mail (Oct. 18) by Caroline McGuire.

Under the direction of Humphreys and funded by the car company Skoda, a team of explorers will start in Samdrup Jonkhar in southeast Bhutan before traveling north to an altitude of 11,581 feet to the 162,000 acre Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary where the half-man, half-animal is thought to reside.

Experts have suggested in recent years that the creature could be a present day specimen of the giant ape "Gigantopithecus," which is thought to be extinct.

Read more:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-3843986/In-search-Yeti-British-adventurer-Alistair-Humphreys-expedition-wilds-Bhutan-mythical-beast.html#ixzz4NUesweCA



Fyodor Konyukhov (Reuters photo)


Rut-Row! Record-Breaking Russian Adventurer Says The World Needs More Explorers

Fyodor Konyukhov, a Russian adventurer who set a world record this summer for the fastest trip around the globe in a hot-air balloon, says humanity has lost its drive to explore.

The intrepid 65-year-old, an ordained priest who has climbed Everest twice and has traveled to the North and South Poles, believes the 21st century is off to a "disappointing" start, according to a story on Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty by Claire Bigg (Sept. 26).

"I was 10 years old when Yury Gagarin flew [into space], and soon after that the first men walked on the moon," Konyukhov told RFE/RL in an interview. "At the time, I was convinced that by the 21st century we would already have scientific stations on Mars and settlements on the Moon. But the 21st century came and all we do is wage war, make money, and stuff ourselves."

The Earth's oceans, he lamented, also remain largely uncharted.

"There are seven billion people on this planet but we lack curiosity, we don't seek adventures," he said. "Humans should be more curious - they should strive to discover new worlds."

Read the entire story here:

http://www.rferl.org/a/russia-adventurer-konyukhov-balloon-exploration/28014872.html

Courage and Spiritual Ambition Took Modern Explorers to Ends of the Earth

Last month, searchers found the HMS Terror beneath Canadian Arctic ice, solving one of the most famous mysteries in maritime history. The ship was part of an expedition led by Sir John Franklin that vanished in the 1840s while trying to locate the Northwest Passage, according to Amanda Foreman in the Wall Street Journal (Sept. 21).

The disappearance inspired more than 50 search expeditions, as well as an outpouring of literature. Charles Dickens had a major hand in a stage production about the disaster, and an elegy by the poet Algernon Swinburne, "The Death of Sir John Franklin," asked poignantly, "Is this the end?"

Ironically, the discovery of Franklin's long-lost ship coincided with the 100th anniversary of the attempt of Sir Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) to cross the Antarctic via the South Pole in 1914-16. The two polar expeditions resembled each other in many ways. Both were scientific endeavors that came to grief when their ships became icebound.

Foreman continues, "But while Shackleton undertook a daring 800-mile journey in an open lifeboat to rescue his stranded crew, Franklin died shortly after the initial disaster and his crew had to fend for themselves. Evidence suggests that the men, doomed by lead poisoning from the ship's food and water supply, descended into starvation, madness and ultimately cannibalism.

"Willingly risking life and limb just to explore the great unknown would have been incomprehensible to the ancient Egyptians and Greeks. They preferred to make new trading partners rather than new discoveries. Nor were their ships designed for long voyages on the open sea," Foreman writes.

The Victorians were the first to give exploration the mantra of a moral purpose. "To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield," wrote Alfred, Lord Tennyson in his poem Ulysses, fueling the popular view of such exploits as a lofty combination of faith, patriotism and scientific inquiry.

Foreman continues, "Shackleton himself gave perfect expression to these ideals. Though the Endurance expedition had failed, he wrote in his memoirs, it had achieved something greater: 'We had reached the naked soul of man.'"

Read the entire story here:

http://www.wsj.com/articles/hms-terrorand-the-joy-and-terror-of-exploration-1474472177



Jon Bowermaster (Photo by Kate Orne)

Only We Will Save Us

Writer and filmmaker Jon Bowermaster is profiled in UpstateDairy.com, an online magazine based in the New York Hudson River Valley. In an interview by Kate Orne, he explains how his first assignment for National Geographic was to write about the Trans-Antarctica Expedition, a 3,741 mile, 221 day dogsled trek across Antarctica continent - the longest traverse ever and the last by dog.

When asked whether he still had faith in the future, Bowermaster responds, "Humans are slow to change and usually only do so when forced. When it comes to protecting the environment, I worry we only do a better job at preserving - moving to alternative energy sources, conserving, buying smaller cars, houses and lives - after some kind of disaster, economic or natural. I do not believe that technology will save us. Only we will save us."

Read the story here:

http://www.upstatediary.com/#/jon-bowermaster/

His recent film, After the Spill, is now available on Netflix.



Kai Lightner in the Flatanger Cave, Norway. (Photo by Brett Lowell)

Won't You Be My "Belay Bitch?"

The Reel Rock 11 Film Festival continues to climb its way across North America and parts of the world between now and January 2017. Founded in 2006 by filmmakers Josh Lowell (Big UP Productions) and Peter Mortimer (Sender Films), the Reel Rock Film Tour brings the best climbing and adventure films of the year to live audiences throughout the world.

Biggest laugh when EN attended in Denver last month was a scene featuring the mother of climbing phenom Kai Lightner, 16. Lightner, who appears in the film Young Guns with 15-year-old Ashima Shiraishi, shares the limelight with his mother who humorously calls herself the "ATM, chauffeur, and belay bitch."

The film documents the young climbers on a trip to Norway that puts their skills to the test, as Ashima attempts to make history on a V15 boulder in Japan.

See the tour schedule here:

http://findashow.reelrocktour.com/events/

Watch the trailer at:

http://www.reelrocktour.com/trailer/

EXPEDITION FUNDING

Access Fund, AAC Award Anchor Replacement Grants


The Access Fund and American Alpine Club announced their 2016 Anchor Replacement Fund grant awards. Now in its second year, the Anchor Replacement Fund was launched to address the growing concerns of anchor failure and the access issues that could result from these incidents.



Don't even think about it. (Photo courtesy American Alpine Club)

Across the U.S., bolts installed in the 1980s and 1990s are aging, creating a need to address inadequate fixed anchors and increase support for the growing number of local organizations and national partners that are tackling this problem, say the groups which awarded $10,000 again this year, to support 15 fixed anchor replacement projects across the country.

The program is made possible by the support of outdoor companies including Climb Tech, Five Ten, Petzl and Trango.

See the list of award recipients here:

https://outdoorindustry.org/press-release/access-fund-and-aac-announce-2016-anchor-replacement-fund-grant-awards/

EXPEDITION MARKETING



Climbers Take Exception to GQ Fashion Shoot


When the dapper folks at GQ published a photo essay in September featuring the extreme sport and style of mountaineering, athletes in the climbing community noticed a BIG problem.

The essay featured photos of "three premier climbers" and "a couple [of] cute friends" on a climbing trip to Joshua Tree in California. Unfortunately, there was a glaring issue with the photo essay: the aforementioned "cute friends" were all women, while the stylish climbers were all men. The "cute" female friends merely watched the guys from a distance or were photographed topless while being sprayed by a hose, complains Carla Herreria in The Huffington Post (Oct. 14).

None of the women represented in GQ's climbing spread were featured showing off any athletic prowess.

The Outdoor Women's Alliance argues in an open letter that the magazine's decision to assign females to the role of "model" fails to accurately represent the true climbing community.

When Outdoor Research, a Seattle-based climbing apparel company, saw GQ's photo shoot, they agreed it was blatantly sexist and decided to shoot their own set of "adorable friends."

Says one climber in the parody, "Why would you risk life and limb just to get to the top of a 50-foot high cliff? Well, I thought, there must be more to life than being really, really, ridiculously good looking."

See the HuffPo story here:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/gq-climbing-parody-outdoor-research_us_57fc3165e4b068ecb5e14d2c

See the Outdoor Research response to GQ here:

https://www.outdoorresearch.com/blog/stories/we-took-falls-crunchiest-designer-clothes-to-watch-ladies-rock-climbing-in

WEB WATCH



BBC's Planet Earth II is Stunning

A decade since the critically acclaimed BBC Planet Earth was broadcast to great acclaim, it's back again in a six-part series, only this time host Sir David Attenborough will be joined by the latest high tech film technology, including ultra high definition or UHD.

Planet Earth II explores "the characteristics of Earth's most iconic habitats and the extraordinary ways animals survive within them," according to a BBC announcement.

The extended trailer is available and contains nearly three minutes of some of the most amazing wildlife shots ever captured on film including leopards leaping, Komodo Dragons brawling, and plenty more eye-popping animal action in addition to tons of ultra high definition close-ups of earth's most stunning creatures.

The documentary will be broadcast next month in the United Kingdom on BBC One and BBC One HD. The original Planet Earth: The Complete Collection (2006) is currently available on Netflix.

See the trailer here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c8aFcHFu8QM



A horse named Chunchun hits on Born to Explore cameraman Greg Harriott near Santiago, Chile

Horsing Around

When former Explorers Club president and Born to Explore TV host and executive director Richard Wiese addressed TEDxFargo (North Dakota) this summer, he drew one of the biggest laughs when he showed a YouTube clip of a horse in Chile gnawing on his cameraman's head. The post has been seen 1.6 million times, far more popular than views of Wiese's TEDx presentation itself.

See the horse clip here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQU4pVjg4UQ

During his talk, Wiese explains, "Your life is not a bucket list but rather a series of short stories of which you are the author."

Watch the TEDx presentation here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ByOdUtZUbBY&feature=share

DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS

Dream On


We missed a crucial letter in the email address for DreamQuest Productions, which is currently seeking sponsorship in the range of $75,000 for a summer 2017 release of a documentary on Col. Norman D. Vaughan. The correct email address is: info@dreamquestfilms.com, www.dreamquestfilms.com

IN PASSING



Former Exum Mountain Guide and longtime Jackson Hole resident Kim Schmitz (photo by Savannah Cummins)

A Banal Ending to a Life Lived on the Edge

It's likely that many who knew renowned alpinist Kim Schmitz reckoned he would die a traumatic, even painful, death.

He should have been killed in an avalanche in China in 1980 when a snow slide swept him 2,000 feet and killed his companion, Aspen, Colo., photographer Jonathan Wright.

"A 70-foot fall in the Tetons should have done him in instead of leaving him permanently crippled. Friends wouldn't have been surprised if his pain-driven drug and alcohol addiction, which he repeatedly shook, resulted in some deadly tragedy," writes Angus M. Thuermer Jr. on Wyofile.com (Sept. 27).

Even when his climbing days appeared over, Schmitz was a hobbling medical marvel, walking only with the aid of two canes, Thuermer writes. The internationally acclaimed alpinist had prostate cancer and, last summer, a postoperative MRSA infection that swelled his knee to the size of a melon and kept him in a hospital bed for three months.

"So when word of the Jackson climber's death in a car crash in Idaho spread through the climbing world last month, it stirred emotions. Life was pain for Schmitz. But death, especially in a car wreck, seemed a cruel and banal ending to a heroic life. A California native who grew up in Oregon, he was as tough as they come but his armored shell shielded a gentle soul," reports Thuermer.

The Idaho coroner and deputy sheriff who investigated the death scene told WyoFile that Schmitz survived the car crash. He pulled the two canes he needed to walk out of his crumpled Toyota 4Runner and hobbled toward the last populated campground he had passed. But his walk ended short of that, surrounded by one of America's greatest wildernesses.

Kim Schmitz was 70 years-old.

Read the entire story here:

http://www.wyofile.com/last-hours-legendary-wyoming-alpinist/

EXPEDITION CLASSIFIEDS

Get Sponsored!
– Hundreds of explorers and adventurers raise money each month to travel on world class expeditions to Mt. Everest, Nepal, Antarctica and elsewhere. Now the techniques they use to pay for their journeys are available to anyone who has a dream adventure project in mind, according to the book from Skyhorse Publishing called: "Get Sponsored: A Funding Guide for Explorers, Adventurers and Would Be World Travelers."
Author Jeff Blumenfeld, an adventure marketing specialist who has represented 3M, Coleman, Du Pont, Lands' End and Orvis, among others, shares techniques for securing sponsors for expeditions and adventures.

Buy it here: http://www.amazon.com/Get-Sponsored-Explorers-Adventurers-Travelers-ebook/dp/B00H12FLH2

Advertise in Expedition News – For more information: blumassoc@aol.com.


EXPEDITION NEWS is published by Blumenfeld and Associates, Inc., 1877 Broadway, Suite 100, Boulder, CO 80302 USA. Tel. 203 326 1200, editor@expeditionnews.com. Editor/publisher: Jeff Blumenfeld. Research editor: Lee Kovel. ©2016 Blumenfeld and Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. ISSN: 1526-8977. Subscriptions: US$36/yr. available by e-mail only. Credit card payments accepted through www.paypal.com. Read EXPEDITION NEWS at www.expeditionnews.com. Enjoy the EN blog at www.expeditionnews.blogspot.com.